MYOPIA

WHAT IS MYOPIA?

Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common type of refractive error where close objects appear clearly, but distant objects appear blurry.

HOW DOES MYOPIA DEVELOP?

Myopia develops in eyes that focus images in front of the retina instead of on the retina, which results in blurred vision. This occurs when the eyeball becomes too long and prevents incoming light from focusing directly on the retina. It may also be caused by an abnormal shape of the cornea or lens.

WHO IS AT RISK?

Myopia can affect both children and adults. Myopia is often diagnosed in children between 8 and 12 years of age and may worsen during the teen years. Little change may occur between ages 20 to 40, but sometimes myopia may worsen with age. People whose parents have myopia may be more likely to get the condition.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

  • Headaches
  • Eyestrain
  • Squinting
  • Difficulty seeing distant objects

HOW IS MYOPIA DIAGNOSED?

An eye care professional can diagnose myopia and other refractive errors during a comprehensive dilated eye examination. People with this condition often visit their eye care professional with complaints of visual discomfort or blurred vision.

HOW IS MYOPIA TREATED?

Myopia can be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or surgery.